Every time I participate in a discussion on the aspects of health care reform, my head hurts more. I continue to be awed by the intricacy, complexity, and breadth of this new legislation. But at the same time, I am inspired by the great opportunity to make positive changes to public programs, insurance products, and the health care delivery system, to name just a few.
There was a dizzying array of information provided at the Public Policy Forum co-sponsored by the Michigan League for Human Services and the Michigan Health Insurance Access Advisory Council on April 23, followed by a forum sponsored by the Detroit Regional Chamber and the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago – Detroit Branch on April 26 and 27.
Public Sector Consultants brought a diverse group together May 12 to hear presentations by Department of Community Health Director Janet Olszewski and Insurance Commissioner Ken Ross, and to provide feedback on what next steps make sense. State staff are working diligently to identify all the facets that must be addressed to develop a strong foundation for ongoing implementation efforts.
The complexity of the federal health reform legislation will make it an ongoing challenge to implement. Thank goodness every component is not scheduled to be implemented immediately, and hopefully there is enough time to get it right.
The health care reform legislation will touch all of us. A few of the benefits follow:
- 32 million people are expected to gain health care coverage by 2019.
- Medicaid will be expanded (2014) to all families or individuals with incomes below 133 percent of the federal poverty level (about $14,400 for an individual). A federally designated category or group will no longer be required to be eligible; the federal government will cover the cost of the new enrollees for the first three years.
- Young adults can remain on their parents’ health care plans up to age 26, without being an IRS-defined dependent or being in school.
- When the Insurance Exchange is implemented in 2014, subsidies will be available to assist families with incomes up to 400 percent of the poverty level (about $88,000 for family of four) be able to afford coverage. In addition, cost-sharing caps, on a sliding income scale, will also be implemented.
- Insurers will be prohibited from denying coverage for pre-existing conditions or cancelling coverage when an insured person gets sick. Insurers will also have to use a high percentage (80 percent to 85 percent) of premiums for patient care, and will no longer be able to establish annual or lifetime limits on benefits.
- Small businesses will receive subsidies (up to 35 percent) to help them afford coverage for their employees.
- The Medicare Part D “donut hole” (the period when costs have reached a high level, but no assistance with drug costs is available) will gradually be reduced.
- Programs to promote wellness and prevent chronic disease will become a major focus.
These are only a small sampling of the extensive provisions included in this historic legislation. Many organizations are putting information on their websites. The key thing to remember in reviewing these documents is that they are works in progress, and may be updated frequently as more clarification or regulations are issued by the various federal offices involved in implementation.
I think Atul Gawande in The New Yorker in December articulately summed up where we are and what we need to do to make this work:
“At this point, we can’t afford any illusions: the system won’t fix itself, and there’s no piece of legislation that will have all the answers, either… But if we’re willing to accept an arduous, messy, and continuous process we can come to grips with a problem even of this immensity. We’ve done it before.”
— Jan Hudson